Rashid Jamil

How to Beat the Recession? Seven Golden Tips for a Successful Career

There is no one who does not aspire to excel in his/her career & reach the star. In today’s era of dynamism & great competition, I don’t think that heavy university degrees can contribute too much in your success. Impressive degrees undoubtedly act as a rock in the soil, but apart from that we need to understand the superiority of smart working over hard working in this environment of fast change.

What we need is a Tip-Top & pleasing personality. Even if you happen to be highly qualified & intelligent, but haven’t cared to improve your personality; you are liable to be branded as an old fashioned owl & you may not achieve the level of success, you think you deserve. Having realized the underlying fact, this is the high time for you to change yourself. I am giving below 7-Golden Tips to transform your personality by virtue of which you can beat any type of recession & march on a highway to success in your professional career.

Tip No. – 1: Demonstrate your Importance: Keep yourself engrossed in worthwhile / value added activities that could help you develop your importance among your circle. You must be always conscious of your ultimate career goals & most important issue is that you must have chalked out some realistic / may be a bit difficult plan to achieve your career objectives. It is essential that you make your presence felt effectively. For that you must develop patience & remain ever aware of your real talent, that ought to be capitalized effectively & that too at the most appropriate time. Remember that if you fail to hit the nail right on its head at the proper time, you may miss an opportunity of impressing others about your talent & importance.

Tip No. – 2: Cultivate Positive Attitude: Be positive & optimistic in your approach. You must deploy your best potential to achieve your short-term & long-term goals with positive attitude. Always keep yourself motivated, which will help you in keeping your professional confidence alive. Try to identify & drop your negative traits & try to develop the opposite – positive habits. Being kind hearted & ever eager to help others at an hour of need, is a very good attribute that improves the personality. However you need to be conscious that no one should take you for a ride out of your kind-heartedness. Tip No. – 3: Develop Right behavior: Your behavior with others is of prime importance in shaping your personality. Try to find out that you are not like many people who are habitual of indulging in unwanted arguments with anyone over trivial issues & who occasionally fail to pay due respect to others. This type of behavior casts a negative impact on one’s personality. Try to be true to your words & must never break a promise, once made; else your sincerity will come under shadow, which is going to be a strong impediment in your success. Tip No. – 4: Introspect periodically: It is ideal to have a check-list of do’s & don’ts or a diary where you can record your activities of the day, especially the ones where you happen to slip out of the planned do’s. Try to fix some sort of small self-punishment for every deviation from the defined do’s. For instance you may decide to donate say 10 cents for every lie from you. In case of a time constraint, introspection at least once a week needs to be done. Be true to yourself while introspecting; remember that you are not going to impress anyone by hiding the facts. You should not tell a lie to yourself. Such introspection will be a great eye opener for you, which will improve your personality gradually. Tip No. – 5: Care for your Dress: Be cautious of your body language & your dress. Your body language & your dressing sense are true reflections of your personality. Proper dress plays a vital role in developing a dynamic personality. Be careful of your dress that needs to be neat & clean always. Too tight or too lose dress is a sign of negative personality. Excessive repetition of dresses also sends negative signal among people whom you meet frequently. We need to avoid transparent apparels in office.

Tip No. – 6: Develop Creativity: You don’t have to repent if you are not a born leader. Creativity is the biggest factor due to which you act with added strength & vigor. It is proven that by lack of creativity you & your company can lag behind your competition to a great extent. Appropriate environment contributes a lot to your creativity. Check if your environment is obstructive or supportive to your creativity. Remember that neat & clean surroundings to your work place are highly conducive to your creativity, while a disorganized one is bound to have adverse effect on your creativity. The gist of creativity lies in your being an out-of-the-box thinker & a positively dissatisfied person. Tip No. – 7: Be a Problem Solver: Try to be the first to suggest remedies to come out of any type of crisis in your office. Never try to fuel the crisis & complicate the situation, rather try to contribute in a way helping in controlling the situation

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Rashid Jamil

Tips and Tricks to Master the Web

1. Receipt notification If you have a really important message and need to know if it’s been received, use a feature called Read Receipt in Outlook Express. This feature is available on most e-mail clients and requests the recipient to confirm that he has received the message by a return e-mail. To do this while composing a mail in Outlook Express, click on Tools > Request Read Receipt in your message window. If you desire, you can have all your outgoing messages sent with the Read Receipt notification. For this, go to Tools > Options, click on the Receipts tab and tick ‘Request a read receipt for all sent messages’. Remember, the read receipt confirmation is dependent on the e-mail client the recipient is using and also whether he wants to send the confirmation. 2. Adding signatures to your e-mail If you send a lot of mail each day, then a repetitive task like signing your name at the end of each mail can be quite tedious. It’s easier to create a signature and attach it automatically to every mail that’s sent. To do this in Outlook Express, go to Tools > Options > Signatures. Then go to New and add the contents of the signature in the Edit Text field. Also select the option of sending the signature automatically with all outgoing messages. In case you don’t want to send this with replies or forwards, enable the option, ‘Don’t add signatures to Replies and Forward’. For creative signatures, use the option to append a file that contains the signature you have created. If you happen to have multiple e-mail accounts, select the account with which you want to send the signature. To do this, go to Tools > Options > Signatures and click on the Advanced button near the Edit Signature tab. A new box will appear saying ‘Advanced Signature Settings’ where you can select the account with which the signature should be automatically added.

3. Auto-respond facility Won’t be checking mail for some time? Activate a feature called ‘vacation reply’ (if you are using a Web-based service). Most e-mail services such as Indiatimes provide this feature which can be activated through the options menu. You can type a short message which will be sent to all who e-mail you while you are away. In Outlook Express, you can do this from Tools > Message Rules > Mail and clicking on the New Rule option. Select the ‘For all Messages’ options from the condition for your rule field and in the Action select Reply with a message. You will have to select a message that you have already created and saved.

4. Keep a copy of the message If you are on a trip and want to access your e-mail from another machine, keep a copy of your messages on the server of your e-mail service provider. Go to Tools > Accounts and select the account (if you have multiple accounts), then go to Properties > Advanced. Check ‘Leave a copy on server’. This has one more advantage: if you’ve formatted your machine without taking a backup of your mail, you can retrieve the mail as a stored copy.

5. Disable MSN Messenger from auto-starting Whenever one opens Outlook Express or Microsoft Outlook XP, MSN Messenger loads automatically. To disable it, go to Tools > Options in Outlook Express and uncheck ‘Automatically log on to MSN Messenger Service’. Then go to View > Layout and uncheck the option of Contacts. In Microsoft Outlook XP, go to Tools > Options > Other and uncheck ‘Enable MSN Messenger’. The over-eager Messenger won’t be so eager now!

6. Optimising your Inbox A three-step process to ensure that your Inbox never looks cluttered. 1. Organising: Outlook Express allows you to create folders within which mail can be organised. To create a new folder in Outlook Express, go to File > Folder > New. This will display the directory tree of your Inbox. Just select the location (say Inbox) where you want to create a folder and enter the Folder Name. Or, you could use the shortcut [Ctrl] + [Shift] + [E] and enter the Folder Name. You can also drag and drop folders to change their location. Folders can be quite useful, especially if you have multiple accounts configured on the same identity or to sort out e-mail messages on the basis of sender, subject, etc. 2. Filtering: Message Rules can automatically sort your mail into the appropriate folder as soon as it is downloaded. Specify the folders where you want the messages to be downloaded based on names in the From address, names in the To address, certain words in the Subject line or in the message body. Go to Message > Create Rule From Message. Create a rule selecting the appropriate options offered, and the next time you download your mail, it will be sorted according to the rules created. You can also sort your existing messages based on the message rules created. In Outlook Express, go to Tools > Message Rules and click on Mail. You will get a list of the message rules you have created. Click on ‘Apply Now...’, select the rules to apply, and click on Apply to filter your existing folder. 3. Grouping: Outlook Express allows you to group e-mail messages on the basis of the conversation carried. To enable this, go to View > Current View and click ‘Group Messages by Conversation’ (In Outlook, this option is available from View > Current View > Conversation Topic). With this feature, all e-mail messages are sorted on the basis of the subject line and the messages that are a reply to that particular subject are grouped together. A ‘+’ sign next to a message indicates responses based on that subject. 7. Download Mail to your PC If you use a Web-based e-mail service, such as those run by Yahoo! and MSN, download a copy of your mail directly to your browser. This is much quicker than using the bandwidth-hungry Web interface and also allows you to access your mail without having to be connected to the Internet. To do this first add a new account by going to Tools > Accounts > Add and select the Mail option. You will be prompted for personal details and account information. Select the POP3 server option in the screen that asks you for your e-mail server information and enter the appropriate POP3 server address for incoming mail. 8. Browsing offline Quite often you may want to refer to a page that you have visited at some point in time. While finding the link in your browser’s History is not too difficult, you can view the site without actually logging on to the Internet by going to File > Work Offline. Then just click on a link in your History folder to view the complete page from your hard disk.

9. PC-to-PC calls Buddy Phone, Yahoo! and MSN Messenger allow users to make phone calls from one computer to another, provided both computers are online. If you would like to use this facility in MSN Messenger, select your friend’s name from the list and go to Actions > Start a voice conversation. This can also be done by right-clicking on the person’s name and selecting the option of ‘Start a Voice Conversation’. After the opposite person has accepted your request, you can start talking into the microphone.

10. Split files Splitting files can increase download speeds tremendously in FlashGet. Usually, splitting the file in three or five segments is sufficient. However, if you are downloading a particularly large file which is available from several servers, you could get better speeds by increasing the number of segments being downloaded simultaneously. The number of segments that you want the file in can be set in the option box that pops up when a download begins. Just set the option for the number of segments that you want the file to be split into.

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Rashid Jamil

File extension and software name


.a - library (unix)

.ad - screen saver data (AfterDark)

.adi - graphics (AutoCAD)

.adl - MCA adapter description library (QEMM)

.afi - Truevision bitmap graphics

.afm - Type 1 font metric ASCII data for font installer (ATM - many)

.all - format file for working pages (Always)

.all - general printer information (WordPerfect for Win)

.ani - animation (Presidio - many)

.anm - animation (Deluxe Paint Animator)

.ans - ANSI graphics (character animation)

.ans - ASCII text ANSI character set (NewWave Write)

.asc - ASCII text file

.avi - Audio Video Interleaved animation file (Video for Windows)


.bak - backup file

.bas - BASIC source code file

.bat - batch file (DOS)

.bbm - brush (Deluxe Paint)

.bbs - Bulletin Board System announce or text info file

.bch - batch process object file (dBASE Application Generator)

.bcp - Borland C++ makefile

.bdf - Bitmap Distribution Format font file (X11)

.bga - bitmap graphics

.bib - bibliography (ASCII)

.bib - database - not compatible with TeX format (Papyrus)

.bib - literature database (TeX/BibTeX)

.bif - Binary Image Format b&w graphics (Image Capture board)

.bin - binary file

.bio - OS2 BIOS

.bit - bitmap X11

.bm - BitMap graphics

.bmk - Help Bookmarks (Windows 3.x)

.bmp - BitMaP graphics (PC Paintbrush - many)

.bpt - bitmap fills file (CorelDRAW)

.btm - Batch To Memory batch file (4DOS)

.bup - backup file


.c - C source code file

.c - compressed unix file archive created by COMPACT

.c++ - C++ source code file

.cal - calendar file (Windows 3.x)

.cal - spreatsheet (SuperCalc)

.cbl - COBOL source code file

.cbm - compiled bitmap graphics (XLib)

.cbt - Computer Based Training (many)

.cc - C++ source code file

.ceg - bitmap graphics (Tempra Show - Edsun Continuous Edge Graphics)

.cga - CGA display font (Ventura Publisher)

.chk - recovered data (DOS CHKDSK)

.chk - temporary file (WordPerfect for Win)

.clp - clip art graphics (Quattro Pro)

.clp - clipboard file (Windows 3.x)

.cls - C++ class definition file

.cmd - batch file (OS/2)

.cmd - command (dBASE - Waffle)

.cmd - external command menu (1st Reader)

.cpp - C++ source code file

.cpp - presentation (CA-Cricket Presents)

.cpt - compressed Mac file archive created by COMPACT PRO (ext-pc.zip)

.cur - cursor image file (Windows 3.x)


.dat - data file in special format or ASCII

.dbd - debug info (Clarion Modula-2)

.dbg - symbolic debugging information (MS C/C++)

.dcf - disk image file

.dd - compressed Macintosh file archive created by DISKDOUBLER

.deb - DEBUG script (DOS Debug)

.def - defaults - definitions

.dem - demonstration

.dem - graphics (VistaPro)

.dgs - diagnostics

.dic - dictionary

.dir - directory file (VAX)

.diz - description file (Description In Zip)

.dlg - dialog resource script file (MS Windows SDK)

.dll - Dynamic Link Library (Windows 3.x - OS/2)

.dll - export/import filter (CorelDRAW)

.dmp - dump file (eg. screen or memory)

.doc - document text file

.dos - network driver (eg. pkt_dis.dos)

.dos - text file containing DOS specific info

.drv - device driver eg. for printer

.dsk - project desktop file (Borland C++ - Turbo Pascal)

.dss - screensaver file (DCC)


.ega - EGA display font (Ventura Publisher)

.emu - terminal emulation data (BITCOM)

.env - Enveloper macro (WOPR)

.env - environment file (WordPerfect for Win)

.err - error log

.err - error messages for command line compilers

.esh - Extended Shell batch file

.exc - REXX source code file (VM/CMS)

.exc - exclude file for Optimize (do not process) (QEMM)

.exe - directly executable program (DOS)

.exm - MSDOS executable, system-manager compliant (HP calculator)

.ext - extension file (Norton Commander)


.fac - FACE graphics

.faq - Frequently Asked Questions text file

.fax - fax (raster graphics) (most Fax programs)

.fdw - form (F3 Design and Mapping)

.fix - patch file

.frm - form (Visual Basic)

.ftp - configuration (FTP Software PC/TCP)

.fx - on-line guide (FastLynx)

.fxd - phonebook (FAXit)


.gbl - global definitions (VAXTPU editor)

.gfb - compressed GIF image created by GIFBLAST (gifblast.exe)

.gft - font (NeoPaint)

.gif - Graphics Interchange Format bitmap graphics (CompuShow)

.gly - glossary (MS Word)

.gph - graph (Lotus 1-2-3/G)

.gr2 - screen driver (Windows 3.x)

.grb - MS-DOS Shell Monitor file (MS-DOS 5)

.grp - group file (Windows 3.x - Papyrus)


.hlp - help information

.hof - Hall Of Fame (game scores)

.hp8 - ASCII text HP Roman8 character set (NewWave Write)

.htm - HTML document (Mosaic)

.htx - Hypertext file


.iax - bitmap graphics (IBM Image Access eXecutive)

.ibm - compressed file archive created by ARCHDOS (Internal IBM only)

.icn - ICON source code file

.ico - icon (Windows 3.x)

.id - disk identification file

.ifs - system file (OS/2) hpfs.ifs

.img - bitmap graphics (Ventura Publisher - GEM Paint)

.inc - include file (several programming languages)

.inf - information text file (ASCII)

.inf - install script

.ini - initialization file

.ins - (WordPerfect) wp51.ins

.ins - installation script (1st Reader)


.jas - graphics

.jbd - datafile (SigmaScan)

.jpc - graphics (Japan PIC)

.jpg - JPEG Joint Photography Experts Group format bitmap graphics

.jtf - graphics (TIFF file with JPEG compression)


.key - security file eg. Shareware Registration info

.kps - IBM KIPS bitmap graphics

.kyb - keyboard mapping (FTP Software PC/TCP)


.lbm - bitmap graphics (DeluxePaint)

.lbm - linear bitmap graphics (XLib)

.lcl - (FTP Software PC/TCP)

.ldb - (MS Access)

.lgo - startup logo code (Windows 3.x)

.lib - library file (several programming languages)

.lis - listing (VAX)

.log - log file

.lpc - printer driver (TEKO)


.m3d - 3D animation macro

.mac - bitmap graphics (Macintosh MacPaint)

.mac - macro

.mai - mail (VAX)

.mak - makefile

.mak - project file (Visual Basic)

.man - command manual

.map - color palette

.map - format data (Micrografx Picture Publisher)

.map - linker map file

.map - map (Atlas MapMaker)

.map - network map (AccView)

.mbx - mailbox data (ZERBERUS)

.mci - MCI command script (Media Control Interface)

.mcp - printer driver (Mathcad)

.mcw - text file (MacWrite II)

.mdm - modem definition (TELIX)

.meu - menu group (DOS Shell)

.mid - standard MIDI file (music synthetizers)

.mke - makefile (MS Windows SDK)

.mod - MODULA-2 source code file (Clarion Modula-2)

.mod - Windows kernel module

.mon - monitor description (ReadMail)

.mov - movie (AutoCAD AutoFlix)

.mp2 - MPEG audio file (xing)

.mpc - calender file (MS Project)

.mpg - MPEG animation

.msg - message

.msp - bitmap graphics (Microsoft Paint)

.mst - setup script (MS Windows SDK)

.mth - math file (Derive)

.mtm - MultiTracker Module music

.mtw - datafile (Minitab)

.mu - menu (Quattro Pro)

.mus - sound file (MusicTime)

.mvf - stop frame file (AutoCAD AutoFlix)

.mvi - movie command file (AutoCAD AutoFlix)

.mvw - log file (Saber LAN)

.mxt - (MS C)


.nws - info text file (latest news) (ASCII)

.nxt - sound (NeXT format)


.obj - object code (Intel Recolatable Object Module)

.ocx - OLE custom control

.off - Object File Format vector graphics

.old - backup file

.ovl - overlay file (part of program to be loaded when needed)

.ovr - overlay file (part of program to be loaded when needed)


.pac - STAD Image (graphics ?)

.pac - package (SBStudio II)

.pal - color palette

.par - permanent output file (Windows 3.x)

.pcc - cutout picture vector graphics (PC Paintbrush)

.pch - patch file

.pct - bitmap graphics (Macintosh b&w PICT1 - color PICT2)

.pcw - text file (PC Write)

.pcx - bitmap graphics (PC Paintbrush)

.pda - bitmap graphics

.pdv - printer driver (Paintbrush)

.pgm - Portable Grayscale bitMap graphics

.pgm - program (Signature)

.pgp - support file (Pretty Good Privacy RSA System)

.pgs - manual page (man4dos)

.pic - PIXAR picture file (SDSC Image Tool)

.pic - bitmap graphics (Macintosh b&w PICT1 - color PICT2)

.pic - bitmap graphics (many eg. Lotus 1-2-3 - PC Paint)

.pif - Program Information File (Windows 3.x)

.pif - vector graphics GDF format (IBM mainframe computers)

.pit - compressed Mac file archive created by PACKIT (unpackit.zoo)

.pll - pre-linked library (Clipper 5)

.pnt - Macintosh painting

.pop - messages index (PopMail)

.pop - pop-up menu object (dBASE Application Generator)

.prd - printer driver (many)

.pub - public key ring file (Pretty Good Privacy RSA System)


.qpr - print queue device driver (OS/2)

.qpx - compiled query program (FoxPro)

.qrt - QRT ray tracing graphics

.qry - query (dBASE IV)

.qt - QuickTime movie (animation)

.qwk - QWK reader message file

.qxd - document (QuarkXPress)

.qxl - element library (QuarkXPress)


.rdi - device-independent bitmap file (RIFF RDIB format)

.rdx - datafile (Reflex)

.rec - datafile (EpiInfo)

.rec - record file (Sprint)

.rec - recorded macro file (Windows 3.x)

.red - path info (Clarion Modula-2)

.ref - cross-reference

.reg - OLE Registration (Windows 3.x)

.reg - registration (Corel programs)

.rem - remarks

.rgb - SGI RGB image file (SDSC Image Tool)

.rif - RIFF bitmap graphics (Fractal Design Painter)

.rip - graphics (Remote Access)

.rix - bitmap graphics (ColorRIX VGA Paint)

.rmk - makefile (RMAKE)

.rpt - report

.rtf - Windows Help file script

.rtl - text file


.sav - backup file (saved file)

.sav - configuration

.sav - saved game situation (eg. NetHack)

.sbd - storyboard (Storyboard Editor)

.sbi - Sound Blaster Instrument file (Creative Labs)

.sbr - support file (Source Browser)

.scc - text file

.scr - DEBUG source code file (DOS Debug)

.scr - screen saver (Windows 3.x)

.scx - bitmap graphics (ColorRIX)

.sea - Self-Extracting compressed Macintosh file Archive

.sec - secret key ring file (Pretty Good Privacy RSA System)

.sec - secured animation file (Disney Animation Studio)

.set - setup options file

.sgi - graphics (IRIS - Silicon Graphics)

.sig - current program settings (Signature)

.sig - signature file (PopMail)

.sit - compressed Macintosh archive created by STUFFIT (unsit30.zip)

.smp - sample (sound file)

.smt - text file (Smart Ware II)

.snd - digitized sound file (Macintosh/ATARI/PC)

.spl - sample

.sum - Summary

.swp - swap file (DOS)

.sys - datafile (SYGRAPH - SYSTAT - SPSS/PC)

.sys - system file - device driver or hardware configuration info (DOS)


.tbl - graphics (native format) (PageMaker TableEditor)

.tbl - table of values (OS/2)

.tel - host file (Telnet)

.tga - TrueVision Targa bitmap graphics

.tmp - temporary file

.toc - Table Of Contents

.tre - directory tree file (PC-Tools)

.trm - terminal settings (Windows 3.x)

.tut - tutorial


.ub - audio file (unsigned byte)

.uhs - Universal Hint System (binary file)

.uif - long prompts for windows (WordPerfect for Win)

.unx - text file containing UNIX specific info

.upd - program update info

.usr - user database file (Procomm Plus - Turbo C++ tour)


.vbx - Visual Basic eXtension (Visual Basic)

.vga - VGA display driver

.vga - VGA display font

.vgd - VGA display driver (Generic CADD)

.vid - MS-DOS Shell Monitor file (MS-DOS 5)

.vid - bitmap graphics (YUV12C M-Motion Frame Buffer)

.vid - screen device driver (Word)

.voc - digitized samples (Creative Voice file)

.vst - Truevision Vista bitmap graphics

.vue - animation (3D Studio)

.vxd - Windows 3.x virtual device driver (QEMM)


.w31 - startup file (Windows 3.1)

.wav - Waveform audio file (RIFF WAVE format)

.wbf - MS Windows Batch File (Catch)

.wbt - batch file (WinBatch)

.web - WEB source code file

.woa - swap file (Windows 3.x)

.wrs - Windows Resource eg. printer driver (WordPerfect for Win)


.xbm - X11 Bitmap graphics

.xll - Excel Dynamic Link Library (MS Excel)

.xmi - compressed eXtended MIdi music

.xwd - X Window System window dump image graphics (SDSC Image Tool)

.xx - compressed file ASCII archive created by XXENCODE (uuexe515.exe)

.xxe - compressed file ASCII archive created by XXENCODE (uuexe515.exe)


.zip - compressed file archive created by PKZIP (pkz204g.exe)

.zoo - compressed file archive created by ZOO (zoo210.exe)

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